Manuscript Submission Information
Non-ionizing radiation (NIR) contains frequencies from 1 Hz up to distant ultraviolet 100 nm waves, where the ionizing part of the spectrum starts. Starting from the beginning of the 20th century, human-made products have led to the release of amounts of such radiation that are potentially harmful to the biological systems and pose health hazards. This includes ELF (extremely low frequencies, mainly magnetic or electric fields deriving from the power lines), RF (radio frequencies, deriving from radio and TV antennas), MW (microwaves, the vast majority of which is produced at an exponentially growing amount by telecommunication devices—cell phones, cell phone masts, Wi-Fi routers, wireless phones, RADARS, satellites), up to millimeter 100 GHz waves especially containing the new 5G applications. This Special Issue aims at selecting manuscripts dealing with the biological effects, in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo, especially addressing radiation-induced non-thermal changes in: Oxidative stress; DNA damage/genotoxicity; Enzyme activity;Gene/protein expression and modification.
Special attention should be given to papers dealing with the currently in use pulsed telecommunication signals (PTS) of the cell phone’s 3G, 4G, 4G-LTE, 5G, and Wi-Fi technologies, an issue that is under very active research due to the profound public health interest.
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Keywords: GSM, UMTS, microwaves, cell phones, radiation, DNA damage, free radicals, ROS, gene expression, cell cultures